Will the post-Agenda 2030 world be more or less unequal? A review of the SDGs

Jul 11, 2024 | Young voices |

Paula García García

This paper by Paula García García addresses a fundamental question for the future of global development: Will the post-Agenda 2030 world be more or less unequal? Through a detailed and critical analysis, the author examines the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the 2030 Agenda and their impact on reducing inequality both within and between countries.

The paper contextualises the growing relevance of sustainable development from the middle of the last century to the present day, highlighting the evolution of the global consensus on this concept, showing how agreements have progressed towards a more holistic and inclusive vision of development. It establishes the importance of the 2030 Agenda and its 17 SDGs as a more ambitious and sophisticated framework than its predecessors, the Millennium Development Goals.

The analysis focuses on SDG 10: “Reduce inequality within and between countries”. The author examines the balance of this goal to date, assessing whether there has been a failure or real progress in the fight against inequality through a review of some of the main reports and indicators in this regard. The document also offers a review of dimensions that affect inequality, but which are far removed from economic distribution, such as discrimination or climate impact. Through this critical review, García offers an assessment of the progress made and the areas that require further attention.

In the conclusions, the paper reflects on the possible directions that the fight against inequality could take beyond 2030. In a context of multiple crises, the author argues for the need for new global compacts to address emerging challenges and guide current transitions.


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