Governments considered “right-wing
The report written by Paula Ballesteros analyzes right-wing governments in several countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, including Uruguay, Paraguay, Guatemala, El Salvador, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Panama, Haiti and Puerto Rico. The main objective of the report is to examine the particular characteristics of each country and explore the similarities and differences between right-wing governments in the region.
A common point identified in all these nations is the imperative need to regain citizens’ trust in political parties and in politics as a means to solve society’s most urgent problems. The fragmentation of political parties, as a response to the difficulty of understanding the needs of society and reaching programmatic agreements, has generated confusion and disbelief among citizens towards political institutions.
The report highlights two fundamental aspects that must be addressed in these right-wing governments: first, the defense of human rights and democratic order, since the stability of the region depends on it. Secondly, it is crucial to find common spaces to seek definitive solutions to problems such as violence, crime, gangs, drug trafficking, insecurity, hunger, poverty and great inequalities. The lack of structural and coordinated solutions has generated an increase in authoritarian voices that promise simple solutions and seduce a people already disappointed and tired of asking for answers from their representatives.
The report warns of the danger of authoritarian right-wingers, especially in a regional context where progressive governments abound. Failure to stabilize situations in each country creates a breeding ground for these nefarious characters who endanger regional democracy.
At the close of the report, it is noted that the outlook is complex, as important presidential elections are approaching in Argentina, Paraguay and Guatemala. It also mentions other relevant electoral processes in the run-up to 2024 in countries such as El Salvador, Panama, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico and Uruguay. These electoral processes will be key to obtain answers to the questions raised, such as the opportunity for candidates from non-traditional sectors, the possible activation of the punishment vote as a citizen reaction to discontent, the guarantee of democratic processes and the maintenance of the progressive trend in the region.
The challenge for progressive governments is to understand the language demanded by society, build proposals to overcome crises and social discontent, maintain democratic order, guarantee solid public management through training, dialogue, consensus-building and alliances in defense of democracy, as well as project a clean image so that citizens regain confidence in the political class and in the resolution of social problems in pursuit of the common good.