Map of Political Forces in Latin America and the Caribbean
The definition of the ideological spectrum of political parties in Latin America is somewhat blurred in the region and has become increasingly difficult to classify in recent decades. In the report ‘Map of Political Forces in Latin America and the Caribbean’, author Paula Ballesteros argues that although the distinction between ‘left and right’ has traditionally been used as an ideological criterion, these criteria are not clearly differentiated today.
Érika Rodríguez Pinzón, director of the Multilateralism Area, and the author of the report, Paula Ballesteros, a graduate in Political Science and associate collaborator of the Institutional Geopolitics Area, discuss the definition of the ideological spectrum of political parties in Latin America.
The report mentions that the differentiation between left and right can be based on indicators such as ideological content, discursive elements and political praxis. However, these indicators are not sufficient to clearly determine the position of political parties on the ideological spectrum.
In this first volume of the overview report, Ballesteros elaborates on the concept of the “punishment vote” and highlights that ideological labels are ambiguous and depend on the historical context and the specific problems of the region.
He also mentions common challenges such as poverty, violence and democratic instability, and analyses the special cases of Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba.