Food (in)security in the 21st century: A critical look at globalisation

Feb 1, 2024 | GATE Analysis, Publications |

Kattya Cascante Hernández.

Hunger is one of the most extreme manifestations of poverty and one of the most outrageous violations of human rights. Despite this, it affected an alarming 691 to 783 million people in 2022. In the report “Food (in)security in the 21st century: A critical look at globalisation”, Kattya Cascante analyses the process of globalisation of the agri-food industry in order to decipher the consequences and the impact that this process has had on food security at the international level.

According to the author, this process has been carried out in the interests of the more developed nations and has adopted productivity and market guidelines as the predominant logic. As a result, large corporations have almost completely monopolised control of the food industry, while in developing countries, the public sector has been losing influence over its resources and the private sphere.

The impact on food security policy has been significant, hindering the possibility of ensuring healthy, adequate and sustainable nutrition for all. This has contributed to an unequal distribution of the planet’s resources, directly affecting one of the most critical problems we face today: malnutrition. To reverse this situation, the author suggests that it is essential to treat food not only as a commodity, but also to integrate it into the geostrategic analysis of international relations, recognising its importance in global challenges.


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